Croatia, officially the Republic of Croatia (Croatian Republika Hrvatska), is a country in Europe. The territory lies east of the Adriatic Sea and in the southwest part of the Pannonian Plain. Slovenia is in the northwest, Hungary to the north, Serbia to the northeast, Bosnia and Herzegovina to the east, and Montenegro to the southeast border. The territory of the former Republic of Ragusa (Dubrovnik Republika), which makes up the southern part of the state today, has no direct land connection to the rest of the country because of a few kilometers wide access to the sea of Bosnia and Herzegovina in between, the area around Dubrovnik that is the only enclave of the country.
After many years of negotiations took place under the Polish Presidency of the EU on 9 December 2011 in Brussels, the ceremonial signing of the Accession Treaty between the European Union and Croatia. With the completion of the ratification process of the candidate country is on 1 The 28th July 2013 Member State of the European Union.
The capital of Croatia is Zagreb, with a population of around 790,000. The 10 largest cities, including Zagreb are: Split, approximately 200,000 inhabitants, Rijeka, Osijek approximately 150,000 residents, approximately 120,000 inhabitants Zadar, approximately 75,000 inhabitants Slav onski Brod, about 70,000 residents of Velika Gorica, about 65,000 inhabitants Karlovac, approximately 60,000 residents Pula, about 59,000 inhabitants of Sisak, approximately 53,000 inhabitants
And do not forget Dubrovnik, the pearl of the Adriatic Sea with a population of around 44,000.
Climate diagram of the continental capital Zagreb located inland and northeastern Croatia has a continental climate especially. Mean monthly temperatures in summer are around 26 ? C, in winter around 2 ? C. The annual rainfall is about 750 millimeters.
The climate along the Adriatic coast, however, is much more humid and there is a Mediterranean climate. The summers are so sunny and dry (around 35 ? C), while winters are rainy and warm (10 ? C). The annual rainfall is about 3000 mm in the south and 1800 in the northern Adriatic coast, considerably higher than in the interior. A special weather phenomenon are the occasionally occurring in the coastal region of cold downdrafts Bora, which are among the strongest in the world.